CASTELLON PORT CITY – 10 INTERESTING FACTS
1. A TOWN RELOCATED
Founded in 1251 AD, Castellón Port City, the capital city of the province of Castellón, in the Valencian Community, Spain, was originally based in the mountains and relocated to the planes of the Costa Azahar (Orange Blossom Coast) in 1252.
During those days, wars of a national and civil nature saw the building of moats, walls and towers for protection. Many of these can still be seen today. However, in the 19th century, the city walls were torn down and the town slowly began to expand, despite the interruption by the War of Independence and the Carlist Wars .
In the second half of the 19th century, further expansion was marked by the arrival of the railway, the enlargement of the port and the construction of state buildings such as hospitals, theatres and parks.
4. TEARING DOWN THE WALL
Many of the European Ports exist historically with their “backs towards the towns”. According to the port website, The Port of Castellón was one of these ports which adopted a new approach in the middle nineties: Rather than exist with its back to the town, it was decided to remove the wall which divided the port from the town, and convert the area closest to the town into an area of recreation and leisure activities open to the public.” A seafront area was created both for residents and visitors, which, as the number and variety of the attractions has increased, has become one of the principal centers for tourism in Castellón”. One can now enjoy a pleasant 4km walk or cycle from the city center to the port area
5. RECREATION IN THE PORT
This seafront area, the ‘Plaza del Mar’, is situated between the Coast Quay, the Castellón Yacht Club and the Fishing Harbour and was inaugurated in 1995. “There are more than a dozen shops, cafes and restaurants, an exhibition hall in the Moruno Building, an observation tower and a promenade area with, at its center, a fountain in a large pond”. It has provided much entertainment for the Port City, with the residents and visitors now able to enjoy the open sea.
6. PORT DEVELOPMENT
A recent plan has been undertaken for infrastructure development, programming an expansion in seven phases ending in 2027, including “the construction of the new South Basin, by means of a breakwater with two alignments, and the prolongation of the exterior breakwater of the North Basin” all of which was achieved in 2009.
7. PRIME MERIDIAN
The Prime Meridian(Greenwich Meridian) crosses Castellón de la Plana.
The landscape of Castellon province lends itself to a variety of income generating activities. The area has landscapes including orange groves, wetlands, mountains and beaches, allowing for citrus farming, tourism and industry to work for the local economy of the province. The effects of the 700-year Moorish invasion can be seen in the ever-present ancient Arab methods of irrigation are still used in the fertile groves of orange, lemon, cherry and almond tree.
Castellon port is a major player in the ceramics industry, with ceramics traffic making up 36.7% of the total traffic at the Castellón Port. According to the port website, 14 of the 28 Spanish Port Authorities have less traffic than the total ceramics traffic of Castellón Port. Francisco Toledo highlighted that “ 2018 has been a record-breaking year for Castellón Port. The figure for total goods traffic was the highest in the port’s history 21.137.629 tons, 18% more than the previous year”
10. SCULPTING THE WAY
There are many historic sites to visit in Castellon Port City. In the old historic quarter, one find the Plaza Mayor (the city center) surrounded by the market, the Cathedral and the City Hall, as well as El Fadri, a 58 meter high bello tower erected in 1590s.
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